a 03 August:
2005 A military coup overthrows the president of Mauritania, Col. Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya (or Mu'awiya walad Sayyidi Ahmad Taya) [1941~], who is out of the country, and who first seized power by a 12 December 1984, overthrowing Lt. Col. Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidallah, also one of a long series of military rulers, having come to power at the death (in an airplane accident) of prime minister Lt. Col. Ahmed Ould Bouceif [– 31 May 1979].
2001 Dana Curry and Heather Mercer, US nationals aid workers with Shelter Now International in Afghanistan are arrested by the Taliban's Ministry for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice for the capital crime of preaching Christianity.
1994 El Parlamento israelí aprueba el acuerdo alcanzado en Washington el pasado 26 julio por el que Israel y Jordania pusieron fin a 46 años de estado de guerra.
1994 The media report that two House subcommittees requested that the General Accounting Office investigate recent hang-ups in NASDAQ's computer-based trading system. The system had malfunctioned on July 14 and 15, and again on August 1.
1994 Stephen G. Breyer was sworn in as US Supreme Court justice
1993 the US Senate voted 96-3 to confirm Supreme Court nominee Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
1993 El Gobierno español compra a los barones Thyssen los 775 cuadros de su colección de obras maestras, que abarca desde el siglo XIII al arte contemporáneo.
1990 Radio Kuwait goes off the air, due to the Iraqi invasion
1990 US announces commitment of Naval forces to Gulf regions
1989 Lawrence Delisle drives his 4 kids into river
1988 The Iran-Contra congressional hearings end, with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.
1984 Primera huelga general en Argentina contra el Gobierno del presidente Raúl Alfonsín.
1984 365.7 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
| 1967 US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces plans
to send 45'000 more troops to Vietnam.
1966 Nikolai Podgorny es reelegido presidente del Soviet Supremo y, con ello, jefe de Estado de la URSS.
1960 Niger gains independence from France
| 1957 Proclamación de la independencia de Malasia.
1954 first VTOL (Vertical Take-off and Land) flown
1951 EEUU suprime el conjunto de facilidades aduaneras otorgadas después de la guerra mundial a los países comunistas.
1945 Chinese troops under American General Joseph Stilwell take the town of Myitkyina from the Japanese.
1944 II Guerra Mundial: Tropas aliadas liberan Bruselas.
1936 The US State Department urged US nationals in Spain to leave because of that country's civil war.
1932 The Dow Industrial Average makes a 9.52 gain, one of the biggest single day jumps in market history. This is in the midst of the Depression, and it turns out not to signal a return to prosperity
| 1923 United States President Calvin
Coolidge is inaugurated as the 30th president of the United States,
following the death of Warren G. Harding.
1921 first aerial cropdusting (Troy, Ohio, to kill caterpillars)
1921 Baseball commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis refused to reinstate the former Chicago White Sox players implicated in the "Black Sox" scandal, despite their acquittals in a jury trial.
1914 Germany invades Belgium and declares war on France in WW I I Guerra Mundial: Francia, Bélgica e Inglaterra declaran la guerra a Alemania.
1912 Turquía concede una autonomía limitada a Albania.
1911 First military use of aiplanes: Italian planes reconnoiter Turkish lines near Tripoli.
1906 Firma en Pekín de un tratado entre Inglaterra y China por el que ambos países se comprometieron a respetar la independencia del Tibet.
1868 La provincia de Buenos Aires sustituye la pena capital por la de presidio que, como máximo, será de 20 años.
1864 Federal gunboats attack but do not capture Fort Gains, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, Alabama..
1863 Siege of Fort Wagner, Charleston Harbor, South Carolina continues
1863 Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in NY
1861 Balloon ascension by John LaMountain at Hampton Roads, Virginia
1808 Guerra de la Independencia española. Primer sitio de Zaragoza.
1807 The trial of Aaron Burr begins. He is accused of plotting the secession of New England.
1805 Mohammed Ali becomes the new ruler of Egypt.
1610 Henry Hudson of England discovers a great bay on the east coast of Canada and names it for himself.
1596 David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (first variable star discovered). By the late 20th century, more than 30'000 variable stars had been catalogued.
1553 "Bloody" Mary I Tudor, 37, the new Queen of England, enters London. Protestant heads will roll. Her predecessor 9-day teen queen Lady Jane Grey is in prison.
1540 Coronado writes to Viceroy Mendoza: Coronado's Report to Viceroy Mendoza Sent from Cibola, 03 August 1540 (English translation)
1529 Se firma la Paz de Cambrai, tratado de paz entre Carlos I de España y V de Alemania y el monarca francés Francisco I, quien renuncia a los territorios italianos, a Flandes y a las plazas del Artois.
2008 Aleksandr Isaevich Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist, dramatist, and historian born (main coverage) on 11 December 1918. —(080803)
2005 Grandfather of Antonio Perez, 6, of Hamilton Ohio, of a heart attack while attending an evening baseball game in Cincinnati. A security guard takes the boy to the bullpen of the Cincinnati Reds, who take care of him until his parents can arrive.
2005 Lance-Cpl. Edward Schroeder, 23; lance-Cpl. Timothy Michael Bell Jr., 22; lance-Cpl. Brett Wightman, 22; lance-Cpl. Michael Cifuentes, 25; 10 other US Marines; and their Iraqi interpreter, by a powerful roadside bomb in Iraq which destroys their lightly-armored personel carrier. — “Lance Corporal” (= Army Private First Class) is a US Marine rank just above Private First Class (= Army Private) and just below Corporal (= Army Specialist = Army Corporal).
2001 Abdullah Abu Alhawa, 56, Palestinian gunned down by Palestinians in a Bethlehem public square, being suspected of collaborating with Israel.
1979 Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, político peruano.
1977 Makarios III, arzobispo ortodoxo y político chipriota.
1966 René Schick, presidente de Nicaragua.
1964 Eduardo Cote Lamus, poeta y político colombiano.
1959 Jakob Nielsen, mathematician
1954 Colette, 81, France, novelist (Claudine)
1950 Hundreds of South Korean refugees crossing a bridge on the Naktong River as it was blown up by demolition charges set the previous day by members of the US Army's 14th Combat Engineer Battalion.
1936 Heinrich Hörle, German artist born on 01 September 1895.
1934 Cecilio Pla y Gallardo, Spanish painter born on on 22 November 1860. MORE ON PLA AT ART 4 NOVEMBER with links to images. — (060802)
1929 Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan-Bouveret, French painter born on 07 January 1852. MORE ON DAGNAN AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1922 Lerch, mathematician
1917 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician.
1894 George Innes I, US Hudson River School painter, specialized in Landscapes, born on 01 May 1825. MORE ON INNES AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1888 Jorgen Roed, Danish artist born on 13 January 1808.
1816 François-André Vincent, French Neoclassical painter, specialized in historical subjects, born on 30 December 1746. MORE ON VINCENT AT ART 4 AUGUST with links to images.
1814 Karl Gotthard Grass, Serb artist born on 19 October 1767.
1546 Etienne Dolet, French printer, accused of heresy, blasphemy and sedition, hanged and burned at the stake for printing reformist literature.
1460 Jacobo II, rey de Escocia.
1977 The TRS-80 computer is introduced by a Radio Shack press release. 25 existed, within weeks thousands were ordered
1950 Ernesto Samper Pizano, político colombiano.
1948 Carmen Álvarez-Arenas Cisneros, política española.
1924 Leon Uris (novelist: Battle Cry, Exodus, QB VII, Mitla Pass; screenplay: Gunfight at the O.K. Corral)
1920 Phyllis Dorothy James, British mystery writer.
1918 James MacGregor Burns political writer (The Lion and the Fox)
1914 Mark Kac, mathematician who said: "There are surely worse things than being wrong, and being dull and pedantic are surely among them."
1910 John Gunther (writer: Inside series: Inside Europe, Asia, Latin America, USA., Africa, Russia Today, Europe Today; Behind the Curtain; foreign correspondent: Chicago Daily News)
1909 Walter Van Tilberg, Western novelist who wrote The Ox-Bow Incident.
1909 José María Areilza y Martínez Rodas, conde de Motrico, político español.
1905 Maggie Kuhn, social activist and founder of "The Gray Panthers."
1903 Habib Ben Ali Burguiba, político tunecino.
1902 Habib Bourguiba, first president of Tunisia
1900 Ernie Pyle (journalist: Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter : reports of 1940 London bombings and war reports from Africa, Italy and France; managing editor: Washington Daily News) wrote about the common soldier. His books Here Is Your War and Brave Men were made up from his columns. He died on 18 April 1945 from Japanese machine gun fire on Ie Jima.
1900 John T Scopes (high school teacher: subject of famous 1925 Scopes Monkey Trial: convicted of teaching evolution in Tennessee school)
1872 Haakon VII Charlottenlund Denmark, King of Norway
1867 Stanley Earl Baldwin, (C) British PM (1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37) in office during the general strike of 1926. Stanley Baldwin, humanista y político británico.
1846 Karl Wilhelm Anton Seiler, German artist who died on 21 February 1921.
1811 Elisha Graves Otis, inventor (safe elevator).
1805 Auguste Etienne François Mayer, French artist who died on 22 September 1890.
1794 Pierre Raymond Quinsac Monvoisin, French painter who died on 26 March 1870. — more with links to images.
1789 Johann Friedrich Overbeck, German painter who died on 12 November 1869. — more with links to images.
1778 La Scala, teatro de Milán, se inaugura con la ópera "Europa Riconosciuta", de Antonio Salieri [.
1755 Lazare Bruandet, French artist who died on 26 March 1804.